Persian Rug Identification
1. If it had been woven before World War 2, it is neither a Qum nor a Nain.
2. Hamadans (built in a few hundred various villages in N.W. Iran) tend to be tied up with a shaped (Turkish) knot, have cotton fiber warps and wefts, one row of wefts between each line of knots, and sometimes are completed on one end with an easy fringe together with various other with a webbing no fringe.
3. Tabriz could be the only Persian city-carpet woven with the shaped knot (excluding a rare Turkbaff Mashed). Using the Turkish knot in Hamadan and Tabriz is explained because of the undeniable fact that Tabriz had been once the money regarding the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire and its own predominate populace is of Turkic folks.
4. Pakistani “Bokharas” take cotton fundamentals. Their Turkmen prototypes are woven on wool fundamentals except for some really brand-new pieces.
5. Most tribal and town rugs from southern Iran have multicolored or “barber pole” selvages, such as for instance Qashqa’is, Kamsehs and Afshars.
6. Frequently Afshars are in squarish sizes. They can be tied with either symmetrical or asymmetrical knots.
7. Cochineal, a dye produced from an insect, is a red shade with a bluish or purplish hue. In Persian rugs its found just in Kermans and Masheds and sporadically in Afshars—all which are formulated in east Iran.
8. Karabaughs are the only Caucasian rugs in which cochineal is commonly found.
9. Cochineal is normally present in old Indian rugs.
10. Modern Indian rugs frequently is distinguished from, say, Pakistani rugs by their extremely heavy human anatomy and rigid handle, their particular fat weft threads, and also the proven fact that their selvages tend to be included after the rugs tend to be woven and they are perhaps not an integral part of it.
Classic dyrnak-gul Yomud
11. Manchester Kashans had been made across the change regarding the century in Kashan, Iran with the exact same wool now always make, for example, Pakistani Bokharas- this is certainly, device spun wool from Marino sheep. They may be identified by their particular very smooth wool stack by their single-wrapped magenta silk selvages.
12. Turkmen rugs are tied up with asymmetrical knots. The exclusion is Yomuds, the majority of which are tied symmetrically. Occassionally one sees Tekkes that have some rows of shaped knots simply inside their selvages.
13. Bidjars would be the heaviest-bodied rugs into the understood universe and that can often be identified thereon foundation.
Cautious study of a vintage Turkish rug’s foundation shows that its wefts, unlike those off their countries, are not twisted or spun.
14. Armenian Immigrant Rugs are the ones introduced of Armenia after the breakup of the Soviet Union by immigrants and merchants. The best clues that a rug falls into that category are complete heap and holding devices sewed towards the backs of rugs, typically little, cloth loops. Strangely, the entire heap of the rugs frequently is accompanied by severe injury to the foundation: holes in the human body associated with rug and eroded sides.
15. Old Turkish rugs are distinguished off their tribal rugs because of the proven fact that their wool weft threads aren't twisted.
16. If it has synthetic dyes, it absolutely was made after 1865. If its dyes are normal, it could have been made any time before 3, 000 to 5, 000 years.
17. You can easily confuse Lillihans with Hamadans. Usually both have actually Sarouk-like styles and both tend to be single-wefted rugs on a cotton basis. However, Lillihans are woven with an asymmetrical knot, and Hamadans with all the shaped knot.
18. In design, Hamadans and Kurdish rugs often are extremely similar. But Kurdish rugs are made on a wool basis and Hamadans on cotton.
Like Kazaks, old Qashqa’is often have red or green wefts. Other old Shiraz-district rugs usually do not.
19. Qashqa’is are most often made with purple or green wefts.
20. Romanian rugs most frequently are woven with light blue wefts.
21. Karadjas, practically alone among all Heriz District rugs, tend to be single-wefted.
22. Sennehs aren't woven using Senneh (asymmetrical) knot. Instead, these are typically tied using the Turkish (symmetrical) knot.
23. Like Hamadans, Baktiaris most frequently tend to be woven with all the shaped knot and tend to be solitary wefted. Its very possible to confuse them. If the rug at issue wears a lot of rather strong yellowish, almost certainly its a Baktiari.
24. More curvilinear of all Heriz services and products is from Ahar. Ahars are exceptionally heavy-bodied also.
25. The essential curvilinear of all Hamadan services and products (indeed practically the sole curvilinear Hamadan) is through the town of Borchalou. Frequently Borchalous are formulated in Sarouk-like styles and have along with black colored.